Guide to Theresienstadt (Terezin) Concentration camp currency

Summary Information

Tauber Holocaust Library
Theresienstadt (Terezin) Concentration camp currency
1.0 Folder(s)
Mixed materials [Folder]
Archives Box 01
This collection is comprised of currency issued at the Theresienstadt (Terezin) concentration camp in Czechoslovakia in 1943.

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Historical note

On November 24, 1941, the Germans established a Jewish ghetto in the fortress town of Terezin, Czechoslovakia. Known by its German name, Theresienstadt, it functioned as a ghetto and transit camp on the route to Auschwitz, until its liberation on May 8, 1945.

Currency used in Theresienstadt (Terezin) was designed by Czech artist Peter Kien, who was interned there and later died in Auschwitz. On the front of each bill was an engraved portrait of Moses holding the Ten Commandments in Hebrew.

"When Kien initially submitted his designs to Reinhard Heydrich, they were rejected. Because Heydrich objected to the fact that Moses looked too Aryan, the notes were modified to show Moses with more strongly stereotyped Semitic features; the design had to conform to the Nazi vision of Jewish appearance. The final design shows Moses with a long hooked nose and curly hair. Heydrich also demanded that the hand of Moses cover the commandment that stated "Thou Shalt Not Kill." (From Life in the Ghettos During the Holocaust, edited by Eric J. Sterling.)

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Scope and Contents note

The collection comprises currency from the Theresiendstadt (Terezin) Concentration camp in Czechoslovakia in denominations of 1 krone, 2 krone, 10 krone, 50 krone and 100 krone. All feature a portrait of Moses holding the Ten Commandments on one side.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

 Tauber Holocaust Library

JFCS Holocaust Center
2245 Post Street
San Francisco, CA, 94115
[email protected]

Conditions Governing Access note

There are no restrictions to access to this collection.

Conditions Governing Use note

There are no restrictions to use for this collection.

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Theresienstadt (Terezin) Concentration camp currency, 1943

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Theresienstadt (Concentration camp).


  • Money -- Theresienstadt (Concentration camp)

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