Concentration Camp Survivors


Helen F.

Helen F. was born in Romania, as Helen Safa. She remembers the Hungarian occupation and growth of anti-Semitism very clearly. Helen’s family was forced with all the other Jewish families in their community to move to a local ghetto, where they stayed for three to five weeks. They were then deported to Auschwitz. Helen endured a months-long death march until she and her sister made a daring escape. Learn more and see a video interview with Helen >


Gloria L.

Gloria L. was born in 1930 in Nagy Bereg, Czechoslovakia. On the last day of Passover in 1944, Gloria and her family were rounded up and brought to a brick factory which served as a ghetto. Three weeks later, they were deported to Auschwitz. In an astonishing escape, Gloria was able to jump off a truck which would have carried her to her death in the gas chamber. Subsequently, she was transferred to six additional camps, and was finally rescued by the Swedish Red Cross. Learn more and see a video interview with Gloria >


Oskar K.

Oskar K. was born in Cieszyn, a little town in Poland. He was 17 years old when the war started. This is when his struggle with survival and bearing witness began. He fled to Russia, sometimes supporting himself as a weaver, a blacksmith, or welder. He also studied the Russian language and became a Russian teacher. When he came to the United States he attended medical school and became a physician. Learn more and see a video interview with Oskar >


Herman S. and Max D.

Both Max D. and Herman S. were born in Berlin and were childhood friends prior to the war. Both were taken to Sachsenhausen and kept from 1939 to 1942, after which they were moved to Auschwitz till 1944. Both escaped from Auschwitz in 1944 with the help of Joseph Runner, a German engineer. They hid in a hole dug up in a warehouse and then escaped at night walking 18 km to Joseph’s house. There they hid three and a half months in Joseph’s barn. Learn more and see a video interview with Herman and Max >